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Gallery of Lighting Effects


 
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UPLIGHTING

Uplighting is where the light source is placed in front of, and below, the object to be lit. It is especially effective for highlighting a large focal point in the garden - a tree, a big shrub, or architectural features such as pillars, statuary and urns.



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SILHOUETTING

Sometimes also called backlighting, silhouetting is where the light source is placed behind the object to be lit. It can be used to create truely dramatic lighting effects. A solid object, such as a statue, will have its outline defined, but its detail will remain shrouded in shadow. A tranlucent object, however - like the foliage in the picture - will shine.



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SHADOWING

Like all lighting, garden lighting creates shadows which can be used to great dramatic effect. Shadows of leaves, topiary, trellising or statuary can be projected onto house walls, or across lawns, decks or terraces. Adjusting the size of these shadows can be a very effective way to evoke strong moods in the night-time garden.



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WATER REFLECTION

At night, a poll, pond or lake is like a mirror. Lighting an object near the edge of the water, or branches overhanging it, will create a reflection onto its surface. On a still night, it will be a perfect mirror image. When a soft breeze blows, the reflection will dance on the ripples.



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STEP LIGHTING

Whether lighting a single step on a garden path, or an entire staircase - minimising glare is a safety issue. It's also an aesthetic consideration. Unless steps are a distinctive architectural feature in their own right, the use of discreet fittings that create little light spill will avoid distracting attention from more interesting features in the graden.



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MOON LIGHTING

Many lighting effects rely on focusing a tightly defined beam of light at a single point of interest. Moonlighting does the opposite. It's created by shining, from above, a wide beam of light across a relatively wide area. The lighting is usually mounted on a high branch of a tree. The result is soft, diffused light - creating a soothing atmosphere for a seating area etc.



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DOWN LIGHTING

In down lighting the light source is placed above the object to be lit. Down lighting is usually used to emphasise the architectural features of a house or garden buildings, or to spotlight objects such as planters or benches.



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WASH LIGHTING

Wash lighting, as it's name suggests, is used to 'wash' a surface with light. The solid surface might be the ground, a wall, or even a fence. The light source is placed as close to the surface as possible so the play of light and shadow across it emphasises its texture.



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CROSS LIGHTING

Cross lighting is similar to uplighting, in that the light source is placed below and in front of the object to be lit. Where it differs is that instead of placing one light source directly in front of the object, two light sources, some distance apart, are placed in front of the object.
This double beam of light from two different angles makes the object appear more three dimensional and solid. Here we have shown a variation of cross lighting where the two light sources are placed behind the bench to create an interesting architectural shadow.



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PATH LIGHTING

Path lighting needs no explanation, but it does require careful planning. The light beam needs to be kept at ground level because if path lights dazzle, the effect will be uncomfortable and, possibly, hazardous. If a path is to be lit as a part of a wider garden lighting scheme, keeping the path lighting discreet will enhance the impact of lighting elsewhere. Dramatic effects can be acheived using path lighting to mark any boundary.


 

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DECK LIGHTING

Wooden decking in gardens has become very popular during the last few years. As with path lighting, deck lights at ground level must not dazzle. They are often used to mark the boundaries of a raised decking area. It is also important that they are not too hot to touch and are safe to walk upon even in bare feet. LED deck lights are ideal for this role giving virtually no heat output as well as giving very long lamp life and extremely low power consumption.

Thanks to Light Ideas and Intalite for use of the images above